Although it stands in the shadow of the Citadel, Sultan Hassan’s Madrassa-Mosque still manages to make a strong impression. The building is a massive example of Mamluk architecture, constructed during the 14th century reign of a sultan who was famous for his extravagant spending. The massive size of the building made it a spectacle in its day, but even modern visitors are certain to be impressed by its beautiful and imposing architecture.

Sultan Hassan whose name was set of his famous mosque in old cairo asked prince Muhammad Ibn Babylik Al-Muhassani to supervise the construction of his Mosque and Madrasa in 1361 AD, the constructions continued for 4 years when the work was almost done before sultan Hassan disappeared, it’s said that he was killed. The work was finished by one of his assistants, Bashir Al Gamdar. The mosque site was knowen as souk Al Khayl or Horses Market. The Mosque was built of stones with some parts of bricks faced with stones.
 

Sultan Hassan Mosque | Sultan Hassan Information

Address: El-Darb El-Ahmar, Cairo Governorate, Egypt
Opened: 1359 AD
Architectural style: Islamic architecture
Function: Mosque
Affiliation: Islam
Father: Sultan Al Nasser Mohamed Ibn Qalawun

 

Sultan Hassan Take over the role of egypt twice, the first time was in 1347 AD, when he was only 13 years old. The second one was in 1356 AD when he end the authority of princes and high officials that’s why they revolted against him and got attacked by the army. It’s said he escaped and hide in old Cairo, before he was found and imprisoned. He was never seen again since!  He had 10 sons and 6 daughters.

 

The Sultan Hassan Mosque is one of the most Islamic world’s valuable monument. As the giza Pyramids is the stunning of Ancient Pharaonic Egypt, Sultan Hassan Mosque is the one for ancient Islamic Egypt. It was founded by Sultan Hassan, son of the great Mamluk Sultan Al Nasser Mohamed Ibn Qalawun. 


Sultan Hassan is not only famous for its size though. The mosque is noted as the most stylistically coherent of any of Cairo’s monumental mosques—a huge and prototypical example of architectural style of its day. The interior is beautifully decorated and the effect of its huge central court and imposing verticality is impressive.

The mosque was designed in the madrassa style, rather than as a congregational mosque. For this reason it is laid out in a cruciform pattern with a liwan (teaching areas) on each of the four walls of the inner courtyard for each of the 4 main schools of Sunni Islamic theology—Hanafi, Malaki, Hanbali, and Shafi’i. The building also included housing for up to 500 students, as well as the teachers and staff required to run a school on this size.

 

The Sultan Hassan Mosque is one of the most Islamic world’s valuable monument. As the giza Pyramids is the stunning of Ancient Pharaonic Egypt, Sultan Hassan Mosque is the one for ancient Islamic Egypt. It was founded by Sultan Hassan, son of the great Mamluk Sultan Al Nasser Mohamed Ibn Qalawun. 


Sultan Hassan is not only famous for its size though. The mosque is noted as the most stylistically coherent of any of Cairo’s monumental mosques—a huge and prototypical example of architectural style of its day. The interior is beautifully decorated and the effect of its huge central court and imposing verticality is impressive.

The mosque was designed in the madrassa style, rather than as a congregational mosque. For this reason it is laid out in a cruciform pattern with a liwan (teaching areas) on each of the four walls of the inner courtyard for each of the 4 main schools of Sunni Islamic theology—Hanafi, Malaki, Hanbali, and Shafi’i. The building also included housing for up to 500 students, as well as the teachers and staff required to run a school on this size.

In addition to the main courtyard, Sultan Hassan also constructed a mausoleum for himself behind the largest of the liwan, which is situated in the direction of prayer, or qibla. The mausoleum features an impressive dome and is beautifully decorated. Placing the mausoleum in the direction of prayer was unusual and controversial configuration since the worshippers were then forced to pray in the direction of the sultan’s body, as well as Mecca; however, the mausoleum remains empty because Sultan Hassan was assassinated before it could be complete.

 

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